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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

SDSSJ143244.91+301435.3 at VLBI: a compact radio galaxy in a narrow-line Seyfert 1

A. Caccianiga, D. Dallacasa, S. Antón, L. Ballo, M. Berton, K.-H Mack, A. Paulino-Afonso

Abstract
We present very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations, carried out with the European Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network (EVN), of SDSSJ143244.91+301435.3, a radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (RL NLS1) characterized by a steep radio spectrum. The source, compact at Very Large Array resolution, is resolved on the milliarcsec scale, showing a central region plus two extended structures. The relatively high brightness temperature of all components (5 × 106-1.3 × 108 K) supports the hypothesis that the radio emission is non-thermal and likely produced by a relativistic jet and/or small radio lobes. The observed radio morphology, the lack of a significant core, and the presence of a low frequency (230 MHz) spectral turnover are reminiscent of the Compact Steep-Spectrum (CSS) sources. However, the linear size of the source (̃0.5 kpc) measured from the EVN map is lower than the value predicted using the turnover/size relation valid for CSS sources (̃6 kpc). This discrepancy can be explained by an additional component not detected in our observations, accounting for about a quarter of the total source flux density, combined to projection effects. The low core dominance of the source (CD 〈 0.29) confirms that SDSSJ143244.91+301435.3 is not a blazar, i.e. the relativistic jet is not pointing towards the observer. This supports the idea that SDSSJ143244.91+301435.3 may belong to the `parent population' of flat-spectrum RL NLS1 and favours the hypothesis of a direct link between RL NLS1 and compact, possibly young, radio galaxies.

Keywords
galaxies: active, galaxies: nuclei, quasars: individual: SDSSJ143244.91+ 301435.3

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
September 2016

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