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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

The ASTRODEEP Frontier Fields catalogues. II. Photometric redshifts and rest frame properties in Abell-2744 and MACS-J0416

M. Castellani, R. Amorin, E. Merlin, A. Fontana, R. J. McLure, E. Mármol-Queraltó, A. Mortlock, S. Parsa, J. S. Dunlop, D. Elbaz, I. Balestra, A. Boucaud, N. Bourne, K. Boutsia, G. Brammer, V. A. Bruce, F. Buitrago, P. Capak, N. Cappelluti, L. Ciesla, A. Comastri, F. Cullen, S. Derriere, S. M. Faber, E. Giallongo, A. Grazian, C. Grillo, A. Mercurio, M. J. Michałowski, M. Nonino, D. Paris, L. Pentericci, S. Pilo, P. Rosati, P. Santini, C. Schreiber, X. W. Shu, T. Wang

Aims: We present the first public release of photometric redshifts, galaxy rest frame properties and associated magnification values in the cluster and parallel pointings of the first two Frontier Fields, Abell-2744 and MACS-J0416. The released catalogues aim to provide a reference for future investigations of extragalactic populations in these legacy fields: from lensed high-redshift galaxies to cluster members themselves.
Methods: We exploit a multiwavelength catalogue, ranging from Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to ground-based K and Spitzer IRAC, which is specifically designed to enable detection and measurement of accurate fluxes in crowded cluster regions. The multiband information is used to derive photometric redshifts and physical properties of sources detected either in the H-band image alone, or from a stack of four WFC3 bands. To minimize systematics, median photometric redshifts are assembled from six different approaches to photo-z estimates. Their reliability is assessed through a comparison with available spectroscopic samples. State-of-the-art lensing models are used to derive magnification values on an object-by-object basis by taking into account sources positions and redshifts.
Results: We show that photometric redshifts reach a remarkable ~3-5% accuracy. After accounting for magnification, the H-band number counts are found to be in agreement at bright magnitudes with number counts from the CANDELS fields, while extending the presently available samples to galaxies that, intrinsically, are as faint as H ~ 32-33, thanks to strong gravitational lensing. The Frontier Fields allow the galaxy stellar mass distribution to be probed, depending on magnification, at 0.5-1.5 dex lower masses with respect to extragalactic wide fields, including sources at Mstar ~ 107-108 M at z 〉 5. Similarly, they allow the detection of objects with intrinsic star formation rates (SFRs) 〉1 dex lower than in the CANDELS fields reaching 0.1-1 M/yr at z ~ 6-10.The catalogues, together with the final processed images for all HST bands (as well as some diagnostic data and images), are publicly available and can be downloaded from the Astrodeep website at and from a dedicated CDS webpage ( The catalogues are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ( or via

catalogs, galaxies: high-redshift, methods: data analysis, galaxies: distances and redshifts

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 590
May 2016

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