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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Primordial Adiabatic Fluctuations from Cosmic Defects

P. P. Avelino, C. J. A. P. Martins

In the context of ``two-metric'' theories of gravity there is the possibility that cosmic defects will produce a spectrum of primordial adiabatic density perturbations, when the speed characterizing the defect-producing scalar field is much larger than the speed characterizing gravity and standard model particles. This model will exactly mimic the standard predictions of inflationary models, with the exception of a small non-Gaussian signal which could be detected by future experiments.

Physical Review Letters
Volume 85, Page 7
August 2000

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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