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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Magnetospheric accretion and winds on the T Tauri star SU Aurigae. Multi-spectral line variability and cross-correlation analysis

J. M. Oliveira, B. H. Foing, J. Th. van Loon, Y. C. Unruh

SU Aurigae is a T Tauri star that was well monitored during the MUSICOS 96 multi-site campaign. We present the results of the spectroscopic analysis of the circumstellar environment of this star, particularly of the Hα , Hβ , Na I D and He I D3 line profiles. The signatures of modulated outflows and mass accretion events are analysed, as well as transient spectral features. We compute the cross-correlation function (CCF) of several pairs of (velocity bins in) spectral lines to better investigate the profiles' temporal variability. We found increasing time lags between the variability of He I D3, Na I D and Hβ . We propose this may be understood in terms of azimuthal distortion of the magnetic field lines due to the different rotation rates of the star and the disk. We find the slightly blueshifted absorption features in Hα , Hβ and Na I D to be anti-correlated with the accretion flow signatures. We propose that the transient absorption features in the blue wings of Hα , Hβ and Na I D (signatures of mass outflows), and flare brightenings are related to the disruption of distorted magnetospheric field lines. Based on observations obtained during the MUSICOS~96 campaign in which were involved: Isaac Newton Telescope (INT, La Palma), Observatoire de Haute Provence (OHP, France), McDonald Observatory (MDO, USA), Beijing Astronomical Observatory (BAO, Xinglong, China) and Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT, Hawaii).

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 362, Page 615
October 2000

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