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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets.
XXX. Planetary systems around stars with solar-like magnetic cycles and short-term activity variation

X. Dumusque, C. Lovis, D. Ségransan, M. Mayor, S. Udry, W. Benz, F. Bouchy, G. Lo Curto, C. Mordasini, F. Pepe, D. Queloz, N. C. Santos, D. Naef

Abstract
We present the discovery of four new long-period planets within the HARPS high-precision sample: HD137388b (Msin i = 0.22 MJ ), HD204941b (M sin i = 0.27 MJ ), HD7199b (Msin i = 0.29 MJ ), HD7449b (Msin i = 1.04 MJ ). A long-period companion, probably a second planet, is also found orbiting HD7449. Planets around HD137388, HD204941, and HD7199 have rather low eccentricities (less than 0.4) relative to the 0.82 eccentricity of HD7449b. All these planets were discovered even though their hosting stars have clear signs of activity. Solar-likemagnetic cycles, characterized by long-term activity variations, can be seen for HD137388, HD204941 and HD7199, whereas the measurements of HD7449 reveal a short-term activity variation, most probably induced by magnetic features on the stellar surface. We confirm that magnetic cycles induce a long-term radial velocity variation and propose a method to reduce considerably the associated noise. The procedure consists of fitting the activity index and applying the same solution to the radial velocities because a linear correlation between the activity index and the radial velocity is found. Tested on HD137388, HD204941, and HD7199, this correction reduces considerably the stellar noise induced by magnetic cycles and allows us to derive precisely the orbital parameters of planetary companions.

Keywords
planetary systems - techniques: radial velocities - stars: individual: HD 7199 - stars: individual: HD 7449 - stars: individual: HD 137388 - stars: individual: HD 204941

Notes
Based on observations made with the HARPS instrument on the ESO 3.6-m telescope at La Silla Observatory (Chile), under programme IDs 072.C-0488 and 183.C-0972.
Radial velocities are only available in the online version (Table 4, 5, 6, and 7) and in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgibin/qcat?J/A+A/535/A55
See The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia, http://exoplanet.eu

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 535, Page A55_1
November 2011

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