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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Effects of biases in domain wall network evolution

J. R. C. C. C. Correia, I. S. C. R. Leite, C. J. A. P. Martins

We study the evolution of various types of biased domain wall networks in the early universe. We carry out larger numerical simulations than those currently available in the literature and provide a more detailed study of the decay of these networks, in particular by explicitly measuring velocities in the simulations. We also use the larger dynamic range of our simulations to test previously suggested decay laws for these networks, including an ad hoc phenomenological fit to earlier simulations and a decay law obtained by Hindmarsh through analytic arguments. We find the latter to be in good agreement with simulations in the case of a biased potential, but not in the case of biased initial conditions.

Physical Review D
Volume 90, Page 023521_1
July 2014

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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