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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Spiral-like star-forming patterns in CALIFA early-type galaxies

J. M. Gomes, P. Papaderos, C. Kehrig, I. P. Breda, M. D. Lehnert, B. Ziegler, S. N. Reis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, L. Galbany, D. J. Bomans, C. J. Walcher, G. J. Olmo, R. A. Marino,


Based on a combined analysis of SDSS imaging and CALIFA integral field spectroscopy data, we report on the detection of faint (24 <μr mag/□″< 26) star-forming spiral-arm-like features in the periphery of three nearby early-type galaxies (ETGs). These features are of considerable interest because they document the still ongoing inside-out growth of some local ETGs and may add valuable observational insight into the origin and evolution of spiral structure in triaxial stellar systems. A characteristic property of the nebular component in the studied ETGs, classified i+, is a two-radial-zone structure, with the inner zone that displays faint (EW(Hα) ≃ 1 Å) low-ionization nuclear emission-line region (LINER) properties, and the outer one (3 Å <EW(Hα)≲ 20 Å) Hii-region characteristics. This spatial segregation of nebular emission in two physically distinct concentric zones calls for an examination of aperture effects in studies of type i+ ETGs with single-fiber spectroscopic data.

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 585
December 2015

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