Site Map
Contacts
Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter YouTube channel
Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Topological defects: Fossils of an anisotropic era?

P. P. Avelino, C. J. A. P. Martins

Abstract
We consider the evolution of domain walls produced during an anisotropic phase in the very early universe, showing that the resulting network can be very anisotropic. If the domain walls are produced during an inflationary era, the network will soon freeze-out in comoving coordinates retaining the imprints of the anisotropic regime, even though inflation makes the universe isotropic. Only at late times, when the typical size of the major axis of the domain walls becomes smaller than the Hubble radius, does the network evolve rapidly towards isotropy. Hence, we may hope to see imprints of the anisotropic era if by today the typical size of the major axis of the domain walls is of the order of the Hubble radius or if the walls reentered it only very recently. Depending on the mass scale of the domain walls, there is also the possibility that they reenter at earlier times, but their evolution remained friction dominated until recently, in which case the signatures of the anisotropic era will be much better preserved. These effects are expected to occur in generic topological defect models.

Physical Review D
Volume 62, Page 103510
November 2000

>> PDF>> ADS

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

Proceed on CAUP's website|Go to IA website