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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Cosmological consequences of the brane/bulk interaction

C. van de Bruck, M. Dorca, C. J. A. P. Martins, M. Parry

We investigate cosmological consequences arising from the interaction between a homogeneous and isotropic brane-universe and the bulk. A Friedmann equation is derived which incorporates both the brane and bulk matter contributions, which are both assumed to be of arbitrary fluid form. In particular, new terms arise which describe the energy flow onto (or away from) the brane, as well as changes of the equation of state in the bulk. We discuss Randall-Sundrum type models as well as dilatonic domain walls and carefully consider the conditions for stabilising the induced gravitational constant. Furthermore, consequences for cosmological perturbations are analysed. We show that, in general, super-horizon amplitudes are not constant.

Physics Letters B
Volume 495, Page 183
December 2000

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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