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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Cosmic string-seeded structure formation

P. P. Avelino, E. P. S. Shellard, J. H. P. Wu, B. Allen

Abstract
We describe the results of high-resolution numerical simulations of string-induced structure formation in open universes and those with a nonzero cosmological constant. For models with γ = Ωh = 0.1-0.2 and a cold dark matter background, we show that the linear density fluctuation power spectrum has both an amplitude at 8h-1 Mpc, σ8, and an overall shape which are consistent within uncertainties with those currently inferred from galaxy surveys. The cosmic string scenario with hot dark matter requires a strongly scale-dependent bias in order to agree with observations.

Physical Review Letters
Volume 81, Page 2008
September 1998

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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