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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Cosmological Parameter Estimation with the Galaxy Cluster Abundance

P. T. P. Viana

Abstract
Clusters of galaxies are the most massive virialized structures in the Universe. Given that the mass function of large-scale structures decreases exponentially at the high-mass end, galaxy clusters are a sensitive probe of its normalization and redshift evolution, and hence of the cosmological parameters that most influence it. It will be discussed to what extent these cosmological parameters, namely the present amplitude of density perturbations, the matter density and a possible cosmological constant, can be constrained using observational data on the present and past abundance of galaxy clusters. Results will be presented based on the available data, as well as expected constraints from the X-ray Cluster Survey (XCS).

Astrophysics and Space Science
Volume 290, Page 149
February 2004

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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