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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

Non-random phases in non-trivial topologies

P. Dineen, G. Rocha, P. Coles

We present a new technique for constraining the topology of the Universe. The method exploits the existence of correlations in the phases of the spherical harmonic coefficients of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature pattern associated with matched pairs of circles seen in the sky in universes with non-trivial topology. The method is computationally faster than all other statistics developed to hunt for these matched circles. We applied the method to a range of simulations with topologies of various forms and on different scales. A characteristic form of phase correlation is found in the simulations. We also applied the method to preliminary CMB maps derived from WMAP, but the separation of topological effects from e.g. foregrounds is not straightforward.

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 358, Page 1285
April 2005

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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