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Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto

VSL theories and the Doppler peak

P. P. Avelino, C. J. A. P. Martins, G. Rocha

We discuss constraints on so-called `varying speed of light theories' coming from the physics of the early universe. Specifically, we consider the position of the first acoustic peak of the CMB angular power spectrum, showing that the recent determination of its position by various CMB experiments, in particular BOOMERanG/NA, can be used to constrain the value of the speed of light $c$ after the epoch of last scattering. Specifically, we find that for a flat universe and a standard density of baryonic matter a variation in $c$ of up to 4% is consistent with the current observations. The position of the Doppler peak is fairly sensitive to changes in $c$, and future observations should dramatically improve this bound. On the other hand, we also find that the maximum baryonic density allowed in VSL theories is about $Omega_B h^2sim 0.06Omega_0$. We comment on the significance of these results.

Physics Letters B
Volume 483, Page 210
June 2000

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Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences

Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) is a new but long anticipated research infrastructure with a national dimension. It embodies a bold but feasible vision for the development of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, taking full advantage and fully realizing the potential created by the national membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). IA resulted from the merging the two most prominent research units in the field in Portugal: the Centre for Astrophysics of the University of Porto (CAUP) and the Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics of the University of Lisbon (CAAUL). It currently hosts more than two-thirds of all active researchers working in Space Sciences in Portugal, and is responsible for an even greater fraction of the national productivity in international ISI journals in the area of Space Sciences. This is the scientific area with the highest relative impact factor (1.65 times above the international average) and the field with the highest average number of citations per article for Portugal.

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